THEMATIC GROUP 2: Presentation in open air museums
What do we present?
The culture of the village vs. folk culture – theoretical definition and specification of the cultural sphere that is the subject of the presentation in open air museums, and its relation to the folk culture in the way it is defined by historic ethnography. How are other spheres (industrial, military and other heritage, archaeological open air museums) defined?
The original vs. the replica in the presentation in open air museums – saving the material substance of a cultural heritage item and presenting intangible cultural heritage. Is it possible to bring the authenticity of a phenomenon’s natural environment to museums, or do museums only depend on stylisation?
Systematisation of possible ways of presenting material culture. Open air museums use unique ways of creating and presenting exhibitions, which may vary greatly in range, from a birthplace room/native home to a homestead or residence, up to a cultural landscape.
The pitfalls in presenting elements of the immaterial cultural heritage – annual customs and family rituals, folklore, livelihood, nutrition habits, production technologies, presentation of elements of social structure.
Agricultural exhibition – experience with animals.
In what ways and to whom do we present?
Classical museum exhibition vs. open air exhibition. The classical museum exhibition is a conceptual shortcut, portraying the work and its artistic, historical or developmental context, or, on the contrary, historical events, epochs, processes and their material remains. On the other hand, the open air museum portrays a specific living space, such as a cultural landscape, residence, homestead, house, rooms and the storylines in them.
Presentations for disabled visitors.
Presentations for children and schoolchildren.
Educational trails in open air museums (independent discovery).
Open air museum as a space for didactic games.
Open air museum as an alternative cultural and leisure environment.
Who will present?
Authentic bearers of intangible cultural heritage and their engagement in presenting.
Guides vs. demonstrators/animators.
Presenting past experiences of real people through drama (first-person narrative, drama performance and acting).
Volunteers and living history in open air museums.
Using audio-vision in presentation.