THEMATIC GROUP 4: Legislation
The Thematic Group will address the contradictory relationship between
the definition of a historical structure
serving as an exhibit demonstrating the life of the previous generations, while this structure is also defined as a “building”, “protected monument” and a “collection item”. Each definition is associated with different requirements, which are often contradictory.
The contradiction between the Act No. 20/1987 Coll. on State Landmark Conservation, and the Act No. 122/2000 Coll. on the Protection of Museum and Related Collections, and the Act No. 183/2006 Coll. on town and country planning and building code (Building Act), and the Act No. 133/1985 Coll. on Fire Protection, Act No. 114/1992 Coll. on the Protection of Nature and Landscape, etc., which occurs in the process of building and maintaining folk architecture monuments, other historical monuments, and the surrounding landscape.
Examples of good practice in communication between open air museums and relevant authorities (Building Authorities, Fire Service, PLA etc.) in these or other cases
Disruption of the authenticity of the objects of traditional folk architecture/historical monuments due to the implementation of required legislative fire protection measures, including the environment (compacted roads, spacing between objects that do not correspond to historical reality, stable fire-fighting equipment, etc.).
In case of constructions of scientific copies or replicas of historical items of traditional folk architecture, the pressure on the implementation of the foundation structures required by current technical standards (non-freezing depth…).
The issue of statics of the authentic roof structures (axial spacing of rafters and their cross-sections), which do not meet the load capacity assessment.
The functioning and the fire safety of heaters and chimneys (in order to be able to heat the buildings, modifications are required, or changes in building materials from traditional to modern, etc.)
Building standards – clearance.
Hygienic standards – ventilation, separate entrances, running drinking water.
Barrier free space.